English for Pharmacists > Basic Level > Vocabulary > Diseases and Conditions

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Spanish English Definition
Accidente cerebrovascular

Cerebrovascular accident
X

Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion caused by rupture or obstruction (as by a clot) of a blood vessel of the brain; stroke.
X

Anemia

Anaemia
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Condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells or amount of haemoglobin per unit volume of blood below the reference interval.
X

Artritis

Arthritis
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A chronic disease involving the joints of the body, leading to swelling, stiffness, pain, and possible loss of function.
X

Asma

Asthma
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A chronic inflammatory lung disorder characterized by obstruction of airways.
X

Cáncer

Cancer
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A malignant tumour of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemically by metastasis.
X

Complicación

Complication
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An unfavorable evolution of a disease, a health condition or a therapy.
X

Diabetes

Diabetes
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A disorder of carbohydrate metabolism usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, excessive urine production, excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine, thirst, hunger, and loss of weight.
X

Embarazo

Pregnancy
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The state of carrying a developing embryo or foetus within the female body; gestation.
X

Etiología

Aetiology
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The cause or origin of a disease or abnormal condition.
X

Glaucoma

Glaucoma
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A disease of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure, excavation, and atrophy of the optic nerve; produces defects in the field of vision and eventual blindness.
X

Infarto de miocardio

Myocardial infarction
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An acute episode of heart disease marked by the death or damage of heart muscle due to insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle, usually as a result of a coronary thrombosis or a coronary occlusion, and that is characterized especially by chest pain; heart attack.
X

Insomnio

Insomnia
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A prolonged and usually abnormal inability to obtain adequate sleep.
X

Migraña

Migraine
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A condition that is marked by recurrent usually unilateral severe headache often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
X

Obesidad

Obesity
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A condition that is characterized by excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body.
X

Recidiva

Relapse
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A recurrence of symptoms of a disease after a period of improvement.
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Shock

Shock
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A state of profound depression of the vital processes of the body that is caused usually by severe injuries, haemorrhage, burns, sepsis, or major surgery.
X

Síndrome

Syndrome
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A set of signs and symptoms that tend to occur together and which reflect the presence of a particular disease.
X

Tumor

Tumour
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An abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue that possesses no physiological function, and arises from uncontrolled usually rapid cellular proliferation.
X

Úlcera

Ulcer
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A lesion through the skin or a mucous membrane resulting from loss of tissue.
X

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