English for Pharmacists > Basic Level > Vocabulary > Microbiology

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Spanish English Definition
Antibiograma

Antibiogram
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Distinctive pattern of susceptibility of an organism to a battery of antimicrobial agents.
X

Antibiótico

Antibiotic
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A natural, synthetic or semi-synthetic product, especially a pharmaceutical, that kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria, and is used to treat bacterial infections.
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Antiséptico

Antiseptic substance
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Compound which is designed for application to living tissues and which destroys microorganisms.
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Bacteria

Bacterium
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Any of a large group of microscopic, single-cell organisms with a very simple cell structure. The plural form for the noun bacterium is bacteria.
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Bacteriemia

Bacteremia
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Presence of bacteria in the blood.
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Cepa

Strain
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A genetic variant or subtype of a microorganism (virus or bacterium or fungus).
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Colonia

Colony
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A circumscribed mass of microorganisms usually growing on the surface of or within a solid medium, presumably cultured from a single cell.
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Cultivo

Culture
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The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.
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Esterilización

Sterilisation
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Physical or chemical process to eliminate viable organisms.
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Germen

Germ
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A microbe capable of causing disease.
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Hongo

Fungus
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Any member of a kingdom of organisms that lack chlorophyll, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The plural form for the noun fungus is fungi.
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Infección

Infection
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Disease caused by microorganisms.
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Infección nosocomial

Nosocomial infection
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Infection associated with the delivery of health care services in a health care facility.
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Medio de cultivo

Growth medium
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A nutrient substrate used for supporting the growth of microorganisms; culture medium.
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Microorganismo

Microorganism
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Life form that is not visible to the naked eye such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses; microbe.
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Parásito

Parasite
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An organism that lives on or in an organism of another species, known as the host, from the body of which it obtains nutriment.
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Patógeno

Pathogen
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Organism that causes disease.
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Placa petri

Petri dish
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A shallow dish consisting of two round, overlapping halves that is used to grow microorganisms on solid culture medium; the top is larger than the bottom of the dish to prevent contamination of the culture.
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Pus

Pus
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A yellow liquid composed of blood serum, pieces of dead tissue, white blood cells and the remains of bacteria, formed by the body in reaction to infection.
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Sepsis

Sepsis
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A potentially fatal whole-body inflammation caused by severe infection.
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Tinción

Staining
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The use of a dye for producing colouration in tissues or microorganisms for microscopic examination.
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Vacuna

Vaccine
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Any preparation used as a preventive inoculation to confer immunity against a specific disease, usually employing an innocuous form of the disease agent, as killed or weakened bacteria or viruses, to stimulate antibody production.
X

Virus

Virus
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An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host.
X

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