English for Pharmacists > Basic Level > Vocabulary > Nutrition

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Spanish English Definition
Aditivo alimentario

Food additive
X

Any of a large variety of substances added to foods to prevent spoilage, improve appearance, enhance flavour or texture, or increase nutritional value.
X

Alimento

Food
X

Material, usually of plant or animal origin, that contains or consists of essential body nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals, and is ingested and assimilated by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life.
X

Almuerzo

Lunch
X

A meal in the middle of the day.
X

Apetito

Appetite
X

A desire or motive derived from a biologic or psychological need for food, water, sex, or affection.
X

Bebida

Beverage
X

Any one of various liquids for drinking, usually excluding water.
X

Caloría

Calorie
X

It is a unit of measure for both, the energy supplied by food and the energy used by the body.
X

Cena

Dinner
X

The chief meal of the day, usually eaten in the evening, but sometimes, in Britain, the meal eaten at midday.
X

Comida

Meal
X

The food consumed at regular intervals or at a specified time.
X

Desayuno

Breakfast
X

The first meal of the day, usually eaten in the morning.
X

Dieta

Diet
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A prescribed course of eating and drinking in which the amount and kind of food, as well as the times at which it is to be taken, are regulated for therapeutic purposes.
X

Fibra

Fibre
X

Dietary material containing substances such as cellulose, lignin, and pectin, which are resistant to the action of digestive enzymes.
X

Grasa

Fat
X

Any of various soft, solid, or semisolid organic compounds constituting the esters of glycerol and fatty acids and their associated organic groups.
X

Gusto

Taste
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The ability to notice or recognize flavours when you eat or drink.
X

Hambre

Hunger
X

A strong desire or need for food.
X

Hidratos de carbono

Carbohydrates
X

Neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, mainly sugars, and starches, together constituting one of the three principal types of nutrients used as energy sources by the body.
X

Ingesta

Intake
X

The amount of something (such as food or drink) that is taken into your body.
X

Macronutriente

Macronutrient
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Nutrient that is required in relatively large amounts and can be metabolized to produce energy (carbohydrates, proteins, fats).
X

Malnutrición

Malnutrition
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Any condition in which the body does not receive enough nutrients for proper function.
X

Micronutriente

Micronutrient
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Nutrient present and required in the body in minute quantities (vitamins, trace elements).
X

Nutriente

Nutrient
X

A constituent of food necessary for normal physiologic function.
X

Sabor

Flavour
X

Taste perceived in food or liquid in the mouth.
X

Sed

Thirst
X

A sensation of dryness in the mouth and throat related to a need or desire to drink.
X

Sobrepeso

Overweight
X

Weighing more than is normal, necessary, or allowed, especially having more body weight than is considered normal or healthy for one's age or build.
X

Vitamina

Vitamin
X

Any of a group of substances that, in very small amounts, are essential for normal growth, development, and metabolism. They cannot be synthesized in the body and must be supplied by the diet.
X

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