English for Pharmacists > Basic Level > Vocabulary > Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy

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Spanish English Definition
Actividad

Activity
X

A measure of the physiological response a drug produces in the body.
X

Adherencia

Adherence
X

The extent to which a patient continues an agreed-on mode of treatment without close supervision.
X

Afinidad

Affinity
X

A measure of the attraction of one biological molecule toward another molecule.
X

Agonista

Agonist
X

A drug capable of combining with receptors to initiate drug actions; it possesses affinity and intrinsic activity.
X

Analgésico

Analgesic
X

A drug that relieves pain.
X

Antagonista

Antagonist
X

Substance that reverses or reduces the effect induced by an agonist.
X

Anticoagulante

Anticoagulant
X

An agent that is used to prevent the formation of blood clots.
X

Contraindicación

Contraindication
X

A condition of a patient that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment.
X

Cumplimiento

Compliance
X

The extent to which a patient agrees to and follows a prescribed treatment regimen.
X

Dependencia

Dependence
X

A somatic state which develops after chronic administration of certain drugs. This state is characterized by the necessity to continue administration of the drug in order to avoid the appearance of uncomfortable or dangerous (withdrawal) symptoms.
X

Diurético

Diuretic
X

Drug that promotes the production and excretion of urine in order to remove excess fluid from the body in, for example, conditions such as congestive heart failure or hypertension.
X

Efecto

Effect
X

The result or consequence of a therapeutic or other action.
X

Laxante

Laxative
X

A drug or medicine that stimulates evacuation of the bowels.
X

Neuroléptico

Neuroleptic
X

Any of a class of psychotropic drugs used to treat psychosis, particularly schizophrenia.
X

Opioide

Opioid
X

A drug having sedative or narcotic effects similar to those containing opium or its natural or synthetic derivatives; the term opiate is properly limited to the natural alkaloids found in the opium.
X

Placebo

Placebo
X

Experimental preparation which has the same appearance as the active drug but which contains no pharmacologic active substance.
X

Potencia

Potency
X

The strength of a drug in terms of the concentration or amount administered.
X

Principio activo

Active principle
X

A constituent of a drug that is largely responsible for conferring its characteristic therapeutic properties.
X

Quimioterapia

Chemotherapy
X

Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease.
X

Reacción adversa

Adverse drug reaction
X

A response to a drug which is unintended and noxious, an which occurs at doses normally used in man for prophylaxis, diagnosis, or therapy of disease; adverse effect.
X

Receptor

Receptor
X

The binding site for a hormone, neurotransmitter or drug that initiates its action at the cellular level.
X

Tolerancia

Tolerance
X

The capacity of the body to become less responsive to a substance (as a drug), especially with repeated use or exposure.
X

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