English for Pharmacists > Basic Level > Vocabulary > Toxicology

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Spanish English Definition
Abuso

Abuse
X

Improper use of drugs or other substances.
X

Antídoto

Antidote
X

Substance capable of specifically counteracting or reducing the effect of a potentially toxic substance in an organism, by a relatively specific chemical or pharmacological action.
X

Carbón activo

Activated carbon
X

It is a form of carbon processed to exhibit small pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions; activated charcoal.
X

Cribado

Screening
X

A systematic examination or assessment, done especially to detect an unwanted substance or attribute.
X

Daño

Damage
X

Injury or harm impairing the function or condition of a person or thing.
X

Dosis letal

Lethal dose
X

The amount of a drug or other agent that if administered to an animal or human will prove fatal.
X

Evaluación

Assessment
X

Evaluation of the patient using selected skills of history-taking, physical examination, laboratory, imaging, and social evaluation, to achieve a specific goal.
X

Exposición

Exposure
X

The fact or condition of being affected by something.
X

Lesión

Injury
X

Damage or harm done to or suffered by a person or thing.
X

Mortal

Fatal
X

Causing death.
X

Peligro

Hazard
X

A chance of being injured or harmed; danger.
X

Riesgo

Risk
X

The possibility that something bad or unpleasant (such as an injury or a loss) will happen.
X

Sobredosis

Overdose
X

An excessive dose of a drug.
X

Toxina

Toxin
X

A poisonous substance, especially one produced by a biological organism.
X

Umbral

Threshold
X

The point that must be exceeded to begin producing a given effect or result, or to elicit a response.
X

Veneno

Poison
X

A substance that causes injury, illness, or death, especially by chemical means.
X

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