English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Biochemistry

Download ibiochemistry.pdf file

Spanish English Definition
Ácido nucleico

Nucleic acid
X

Any of various acids (as an R N A or a D N A) composed of nucleotide chains.
X

Ácido úrico

Uric acid
X

A nearly insoluble weak acid that is present in small quantity in mammalian urine as an end product of purine metabolism, and occurs pathologically in renal calculi and the tophi of gout.
X

Almidón

Starch
X

A reserve polysaccharide widely distributed in plants.
X

Biosíntesis

Biosynthesis
X

An enzyme-catalysed process in cells of living organisms by which substrates are converted to more complex products.
X

Celulosa

Cellulose
X

A polysaccharide of glucose units that constitutes the chief part of the cell walls of plants.
X

Ciclo

Cycle
X

A series of biological stages through which a substance tends to pass and which usually leads back to the starting point.
X

Codón

Codon
X

A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of D N A or R N A that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain.
X

Colágeno

Collagen
X

An insoluble fibrous protein of vertebrates that is the chief constituent of the fibrils of connective tissue and of the organic substance of bones; it is the quantitatively most important protein in mammals.
X

Colesterol

Cholesterol
X

The most common type of steroid in the body. It is essential to the formation of bile acids, vitamin D, progesterone, oestrogens, androgens, mineralocorticoid hormones, and glucocorticoid hormones. Cholesterol is also necessary to the normal permeability and function of cell membranes.
X

Creatinina

Creatinine
X

A nitrogenous compound arising from protein metabolism and secreted in the urine.
X

Degradación

Degradation
X

Change of a chemical compound to a less complex compound.
X

Desnaturalización

Denaturation
X

The disruption of the native folded structure of a nucleic acid or protein molecule; may be due to heat, chemical treatment, or change in pH.
X

Esteroide

Steroid
X

Any of numerous natural or synthetic compounds containing a 17-carbon 4-ring system and including the sterols and various hormones.
X

Expresión

Expression
X

The production of a gene product.
X

Fosfolípido

Phospholipid
X

A lipid containing charged hydrophilic phosphate groups; a component of cell membranes.
X

Glucógeno

Glycogen
X

The reserve carbohydrate of higher animals.
X

Glucólisis

Glycolisis
X

The catabolic conversion of glucose to pyruvate, with the production of ATP.
X

Inhibidor

Inhibitor
X

A substance that reduces the activity of another substance (as an enzyme).
X

Lactosa

Lactose
X

A disaccharide sugar that is present in milk, and yields glucose and galactose upon hydrolysis.
X

Lipoproteína

Lipoprotein
X

Any of a large class of conjugated proteins composed of a complex of protein and lipid.
X

Metabolito

Metabolite
X

A substance produced during or taking part in metabolism.
X

Precursor

Precursor
X

A compound that can be used by the body to form another compound.
X

Regulación

Regulation
X

The control of the kind and rate of cellular processes.
X

Urea

Urea
X

A soluble weakly basic nitrogenous compound that is an end product of protein decomposition and the main solid component of mammalian urine.
X

Return to Vocabulary