English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Chemistry

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Spanish English Definition
Ácido

Acid
X

A substance which increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in water.
X

Átomo

Atom
X

The smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element, consisting of a positively charged nucleus of neutrons and protons, that exerts an electrical attraction on one or more electrons in motion around it.
X

Base

Base
X

A substance which reduces the concentration of hydrogen ions in water.
X

Catalizador

Catalyst
X

A substance, usually used in small amounts relative to the reactants, that modifies and increases the rate of a reaction, without being consumed in the process.
X

Concentración

Concentration
X

A measurement of the amount of solute dissolved in a liquid.
X

Disolvente

Solvent
X

A substance in which another substance is dissolved, forming a solution.
X

Electrolito

Electrolyte
X

An ionic compound that dissolves in water to conduct electricity.
X

Enlace

Bond
X

An attraction between atoms that allows the formation of chemical substances.
X

Estructura

Structure
X

The arrangement of atoms in a molecule of a chemical compound.
X

Fórmula

Formula
X

A symbolic representation of the composition or structure of a compound.
X

Ión

Ion
X

An atom or atom group electrically charged by the loss or gain of electrons, represented by a plus or a minus sign, as a cation or anion.
X

Mecanismo

Mechanism
X

A detailed description of the process leading from the reactants to the products of a reaction.
X

Molécula

Molecule
X

The smallest particle of a substance that retains the chemical and physical properties of the substance, and is composed of two or more atoms.
X

Polímero

Polymer
X

A large molecule made of smaller, identical units (called monomers) linked together.
X

Producto

Product
X

A substance that is formed during a chemical reaction.
X

Reacción

Reaction
X

A process that results in the interconversion of chemical species.
X

Reactivo

Reagent
X

A substance participating in a chemical reaction, especially one used to detect, measure, or produce another substance.
X

Síntesis

Synthesis
X

The formation of a chemical compound through the combination of simpler compounds or elements.
X

Solución

Solution
X

A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of the substances are completely dispersed.
X

Solución tampón

Buffer solution
X

A conjugate acid-base pair that is capable of resisting changes in pH when acid or base is added to the system.
X

Soluto

Solute
X

A substance dissolved in another substance; usually the component of a solution present in the lesser amount.
X

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