English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Clinical Ethics

Download iclinicalethics.pdf file

Spanish English Definition
Asignación de recursos

Resource allocation
X

The process of distributing available, limited resources to competing, alternative projects or uses.
X

Autonomía

Autonomy
X

The moral right to choose and follow one’s own plan of life and action.
X

Beneficencia

Beneficence
X

The moral duty to assist persons in need.
X

Calidad de vida

Quality of life
X

The general well-being of a person or society, defined in terms of health and happiness, rather than wealth. It includes the physical, functional, social and emotional well-being of individuals.
X

Comité de ética

Ethics committee
X

A multidisciplinary hospital body composed of a broad spectrum of personnel, physicians, pharmacists, nurses, social workers, priests and others, which addresses the moral and ethical issues within the hospital.
X

Confidencialidad

Confidentiality
X

Maintenance of the privacy of patients, including their personal identity and all medical information.
X

Conflicto de intereses

Conflict of interest
X

A situation in which a person has a duty to more than one person or organization, but cannot do justice to the actual or potentially adverse interests of both parties.
X

Consentimiento informado

Informed consent
X

The process by which a fully informed patient can participate in choices about his health care.
X

Creencias religiosas

Religious beliefs
X

Ideas related to the existence, characteristics and worship of a divine intervention in the universe and human life.
X

Deber

Duty
X

A task or action that a person is bound to perform for moral or legal reasons.
X

Decisión

Decision
X

A choice made between alternative courses of action in a situation of uncertainty.
X

Derecho

Right
X

Any claim that is morally just or legally granted as allowable or due to a person.
X

Dignidad

Dignity
X

The inherent and inalienable value of every human being. An innate right to be valued, respected and receive ethical treatment.
X

Dilema

Dilemma
X

A situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable alternatives.
X

Justicia

Justice
X

The fair and equitable distribution of burdens and benefits within a community.
X

Ley

Law
X

A rule or set of rules regulating the government of a state, the relationship between the organs of government and the subjects of the state, and the relationship or conduct of subjects towards each other.
X

No maleficencia

Nonmaleficence
X

The moral duty to do no harm.
X

Principios bioéticos

Bioethical principles
X

Action guides applied to make ethical decisions in biomedicine.
X

Relación

Relationship
X

The mutual dealings, connections, or feelings that exist between two parties, countries, people, etc.
X

Respeto mutuo

Mutual respect
X

The proper regard for an individual's dignity that is reciprocated.
X

Toma de decisiones

Decision making
X

The cognitive process resulting in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios. Every decision making process produces a final choice.
X

Return to Vocabulary