English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Clinical Laboratory Analysis

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Spanish English Definition
Absorbancia

Absorbance
X

A logarithmic expression of the amount of light absorbed by a substance containing coloured molecules; optical density.
X

Bata de laboratorio

Lab coat
X

A white protective coat worn by workers in a laboratory.
X

Calibración

Calibration
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The process of checking, standardizing, or adjusting a method or instrument so that it yields accurate results.
X

Control

Control
X

A serum based material with assigned target values and acceptable ranges to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of a diagnostic assay.
X

Esputo

Sputum
X

Expectorated matter, especially mucus or mucopurulent matter expectorated in diseases of the air passages.
X

Frotis

Smear
X

A thin specimen for examination; it is usually prepared by spreading material uniformly onto a glass slide, fixing it, and staining it before examination.
X

Hematocrito

Haematocrit
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The volume percentage of red blood cells in blood.
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Inmunoensayo

Immunoassay
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A diagnostic method using antigen-antibody reactions.
X

Lanceta

Lancet
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A sterile, sharp-pointed blade used to perform a capillary puncture.
X

Lavado

Lavage
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The washing out of a hollow cavity or organ by copious injections and rejections of fluid.
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Menisco

Meniscus
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The curved upper surface of a liquid in a container.
X

Nivel

Level
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A characteristic and fairly uniform concentration of a constituent of the blood or other body fluid.
X

Patrón

Standard
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A solution containing a known level or concentration of analyte that will not change and can be used to calculate diagnostic results. Normally used to calibrate manual or semi-automated tests.
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Prueba de embarazo

Pregnancy test
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Any test used to detect or confirm pregnancy. The most common test of pregnancy involves the detection of a hormone known as human chorionic gonadotropin in a sample of blood or urine.
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Reactivo

Reagent
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Substance used in performing a laboratory test.
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Riesgo biológico

Biohazard
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Risk or hazard to health or the environment from biological agents.
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Título

Titer
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A value expressed as a fraction that gives the highest dilution of a solution in which a particular analyte can still be measured.
X

Torunda

Swab
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A wad of cotton, gauze, or other absorbent material attached to the end of a stick or clamp, used for applying or removing a substance from a surface.
X

Validez

Validity
X

An index of how well a test or procedure in fact measures what it purports to measure.
X

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