English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Diseases and Conditions

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Spanish English Definition
Aborto

Abortion
X

The termination of a pregnancy accompanied by the death of the embryo or foetus.
X

Absceso

Abscess
X

An enclosed collection of pus (purulent exudate) in tissues, organs, or confined spaces in the body. An abscess is a sign of infection, and is usually swollen and inflamed.
X

Artritis reumatoide

Rheumatoid arthritis
X

A usually chronic disease that is considered an autoimmune disease and is characterized especially by pain, stiffness, inflammation, swelling, and destruction of joints.
X

Aterosclerosis

Atherosclerosis
X

A process of progressive thickening and hardening of the walls of medium-sized and large arteries as a result of fat deposits on their inner lining.
X

Bocio

Goitre
X

An enlargement of the thyroid gland, located in the neck.
X

Candidiasis oral

Thrush
X

Oropharyngeal candidiasis; seen mostly in infants or debilitated adults.
X

Cirrosis

Cirrhosis
X

Chronic disease condition of the liver in which fibrous tissue and nodules replace normal tissue, interfering with blood flow and normal functions of the organ.
X

Curación

Healing
X

Elimination of an abnormal condition; cure.
X

Disfunción eréctil

Erectile dysfunction
X

Chronic inability to achieve or maintain an erection satisfactory for sexual intercourse; impotence.
X

Envejecimiento

Aging
X

The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environmentally modulated.
X

Epilepsia

Epilepsy
X

Any of various disorders marked by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain and typically manifested by sudden brief episodes of altered or diminished consciousness, involuntary movements, or convulsions.
X

Gota

Gout
X

A disturbance of uric-acid metabolism characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, especially of the feet and hands, and arthritic attacks resulting from elevated levels of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urate crystals around the joints.
X

Gripe

Flu
X

An acute infectious respiratory disease, caused by Influenza viruses, in which the inhaled virus attacks the respiratory epithelial cells and produces a catarrhal inflammation; characterized by sudden onset, chills, fever of short duration, severe prostration, headache, muscle aches, and a cough that usually is dry and may be followed by secondary bacterial infections that can last up to 10 days; influenza.
X

Hemorroides

Haemorrhoids
X

A varicose condition of the external haemorrhoidal veins causing painful swellings at the anus.
X

Insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva

Congestive heart failure
X

Heart failure in which the heart is unable to maintain adequate circulation of blood in the tissues of the body or to pump out the venous blood returned to it by the venous circulation.
X

Lactancia

Breastfeeding
X

Period following birth during which milk is secreted in the breasts; lactation.
X

Leucemia

Leukaemia
X

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers.
X

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis
X

An abnormal condition characterized by decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlargement of bone spaces, producing porosity.
X

Parto

Labour
X

The process of expulsion of the foetus and the placenta from the uterus; delivery, birth.
X

Remisión

Remission
X

A period when a serious illness improves for a time.
X

Resfriado

Cold
X

Popular term for a viral infection involving the upper respiratory tract and characterized by congestion of the nasal mucous membrane, watery nasal rhinorrhea, and general malaise, with a duration of 3–5 days.
X

Trastorno

Disorder
X

An abnormal physical or mental condition.
X

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