English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Microbiology

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Spanish English Definition
Aislamiento

Isolation
X

Separation of an organism from others, usually by making serial cultures.
X

Antimicrobiano

Antimicrobial
X

Chemical substance, either produced by a microorganism or by synthetic means, that is capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms.
X

Bacilo

Bacillus
X

A straight rod-shaped bacterium. The plural form is bacilli.
X

Clon

Clone
X

One of a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a common ancestor.
X

Coco

Coccus
X

A spherical bacterium. The plural form is cocci.
X

Colonización

Colonization
X

Presence of microorganisms on skin or mucosa.
X

Contaminación

Contamination
X

Presence of microorganisms on objects, in the environment, or in samples for analysis.
X

Desinfección

Disinfection
X

Rendering an object, the hands or skin free of pathogens.
X

Espectro

Spectrum
X

A range of effectiveness against pathogenic organisms.
X

Flora

Flora
X

The population of microorganisms inhabiting the internal and external surfaces of healthy conventional animals.
X

Gusano

Worm
X

Any of various relatively small elongated usually naked and soft-bodied parasitic animals.
X

Período de incubación

Incubation period
X

Time between infection and manifestation of disease symptoms.
X

Portador

Carrier
X

A person, animal, or plant that harbours and transmits the causative agent of an infectious disease, but is asymptomatic or immune to it.
X

Quimiprofilaxis

Chemoprophylaxis
X

The prevention of an infectious disease by the use of chemical agents.
X

Reservorio

Reservoir
X

An organism in which a microorganism that is pathogenic for some other species lives and multiplies without damaging its host.
X

Resistencia

Resistence
X

The capacity of a species or strain of microorganism to survive exposure to a drug formerly effective against it.
X

Serotipo

Serotype
X

An immunologically defined variant of a microorganism; one that bears a unique epitope on its surface.
X

Técnica aséptica

Aseptic technique
X

Procedures conducted under controlled conditions to minimize the chance of contamination.
X

Vector

Vector
X

An organism that transmits a pathogen from one organism or source to another.
X

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