English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy

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Spanish English Definition
Abortivo

Abortifacient
X

An agent that induces abortion.
X

Adicción

Addiction
X

A compulsive physiological need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal.
X

Alcaloide

Alkaloid
X

Any of numerous organic bases containing nitrogen that occur especially in seed plants and are typically physiologically active.
X

Anestésico

Anaesthetic
X

A compound that reversibly depresses neuronal function, which produces loss of ability to perceive pain and/or other sensations.
X

Antagonistas del calcio

Calcium antagonists
X

A class of drugs with the capacity to prevent calcium ions from passing through biologic membranes. These agents are used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, and cardiac arrhythmias; calcium-channel blockers.
X

Antiácido

Antacid
X

An agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity.
X

Anticonceptivo

Contraceptive
X

An agent to prevent conception.
X

Antidepresivo

Antidepressant
X

A drug used to prevent or treat depression.
X

Antimetabolito

Antimetabolite
X

Substance, structurally similar to a metabolite, which competes with it or replaces it, and so prevents or reduces its normal utilization.
X

Antipirético

Antipyretic
X

Substance which relieves or reduces fever.
X

Broncodilatador

Bronchodilator
X

A drug that relaxes bronchial muscle resulting in expansion of the bronchial air passages.
X

Dependencia

Dependence
X

A somatic state which develops after chronic administration of certain drugs; this state is characterized by the necessity to continue administration of the drug in order to avoid the appearance of uncomfortable or dangerous (withdrawal) symptoms.
X

Descongestivo

Decongestant
X

An agent that relieves congestion (as of mucous membranes).
X

Eficacia

Efficacy
X

Therapeutic or pharmacological result of a drug or treatment in a controlled clinical situation.
X

Espasmolítico

Spasmolytic
X

A chemical agent that relieves smooth muscle spasms.
X

Expectorante

Expectorant
X

A medication that helps bring up mucus and other material from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea.
X

Hipnótico

Hypnotic
X

An agent that promotes sleep.
X

Indicación

Indication
X

A reason or particular circumstance that indicates the advisability or necessity of a specific medical treatment or procedure.
X

Inhibidor de la bomba de protones

Proton pump inhibitor
X

A drug which suppresses the final stage of gastric acid secretion by the proton pump in the gastric mucosa.
X

Inicio de acción

Onset of action
X

The time required after administration of a drug for a response to be observed.
X

Intervención

Intervention
X

An activity resulting from a pharmacist professional assessment to resolve a medication management issue.
X

Mecanismo de acción

Mechanism of action
X

The means by which the effect of a drug is exerted.
X

Período de latencia

Latent period
X

The period of time that must elapse between the time at which a dose of drug is applied to a biologic system and the time at which a specified pharmacologic effect is produced.
X

Profármaco

Prodrug
X

A pharmacologically inactive substance that undergoes change in the body into an active drug.
X

Sedante

Sedative
X

A drug that quiets nervous excitement.
X

Vasodilatador

Vasodilator
X

An agent that causes dilation of the blood vessels.
X

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