English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Physiology

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Spanish English Definition
Apoptosis

Apoptosis
X

Programmed cell death.
X

Barrera hematoencefálica

Blood-brain barrier
X

A highly selective permeability barrier that separates the circulating blood from the brain extracellular fluid in the central nervous system.
X

Bicapa lipídica

Lipid bilayer
X

A membrane in which amphipathic lipids are arranged in two layers, with their non-polar chains directed inwards, towards each other, and their polar groups directed outwards, towards the aqueous phase.
X

Bilis

Bile
X

Thick, yellow-green-brown fluid produced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and discharged into the upper part of the digestive tract (duodenum), where it dissolves fats, preparing them for further digestion.
X

Canal

Channel
X

A usually tubular enclosed passage.
X

Crecimiento

Growth
X

The increase in size of a living being or any of its parts occurring in the process of development.
X

Cuerpo

Body
X

The human body, consisting of head, neck, trunk, and limbs.
X

Deposición

Stool
X

The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.
X

Esfínter

Sphincter
X

An annular muscle surrounding and able to contract or close a bodily opening.
X

Gradiente

Gradient
X

Rate of change of temperature, pressure, or other variable as a function of distance, time, or other continuously changing influence.
X

Latido cardíaco

Heartbeat
X

A single complete cycle of contraction and dilation of heart muscle.
X

Linfa

Lymph
X

A clear, watery fluid derived from body tissues that contains white blood cells, and circulates throughout the lymphatic system, returning to the venous bloodstream through the thoracic duct.
X

Líquido cefalorraquídeo

Cerebrospinal fluid
X

Normally clear liquid, produced in the ventricles of the brain, that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
X

Mediador

Mediator
X

An intermediary substance released from cells that regulates or causes physiologic consequences.
X

Médula ósea

Bone marrow
X

The soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones.
X

Nervio

Nerve
X

A bundle of fibres that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory and motor information from one body part to another.
X

Orgánulo

Organelle
X

A membrane enclosed structure, in cells, that has a specialised function.
X

Potencial de acción

Action potential
X

An electrochemical change that occurs across the cell membrane of a neuron.
X

Sinapsis

Synapse
X

The structure at which a nervous impulse passes from one neuron, the afferent, to another, the efferent.
X

Tracto

Tract
X

An elongated area; a passage or pathway.
X

Transportador

Carrier
X

A component of a biologic fluid that binds a ligand and transports that ligand to a new location; transporter.
X

Vía aérea

Airway
X

The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs.
X

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