English for Pharmacists > Intermediate Level > Vocabulary > Signs and Symptoms

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Spanish English Definition
Ardor de estómago

Heartburn
X

Substernal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of acid-peptic gastric juice into the oesophagus; pyrosis.
X

Ascitis

Ascites
X

Effusion of serous fluid into the abdominal cavity.
X

Ataque

Attack
X

A sudden illness or an episode or exacerbation of chronic or recurrent illness.
X

Caquexia

Cachexia
X

Unintended and progressive weight loss that is often accompanied by weakness, nutritional deficiencies and muscle wasting.
X

Coágulo

Clot
X

A soft, nonrigid, insoluble mass formed when a liquid (blood or lymph) gels.
X

Convulsión

Convulsion
X

A violent involuntary contraction or series of contractions of the voluntary muscles.
X

Edema

Oedema
X

Swelling of a part of or of the entire body due to an accumulation of an excess of water.
X

Escalofríos

Chills
X

A sensation of cold, with convulsive shaking of the body.
X

Espasmo

Spasm
X

A sudden involuntary contraction of one or more muscles; includes cramps, and contractures.
X

Estornudo

Sneeze
X

A reflex excited by an irritation of the mucous membrane of the nose, leading to expel air from the nose and mouth by an involuntary spasmodic contraction of the muscles of expiration.
X

Fractura

Fracture
X

A break, especially the breaking of a bone or cartilage.
X

Hemorragia

Haemorrhage
X

The escape of blood from any part of the vascular system.
X

Hinchazón

Swelling
X

Loosely used to describe the gross anatomic result of the inflammatory process, as in the swelling of glands or fractured extremities.
X

Malestar

Malaise
X

A feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness, an “out-of-sorts” feeling, often the first indication of an infection or other disease.
X

Mareo

Dizziness
X

A sensation of unsteadiness accompanied by a feeling of movement within the head.
X

Moratón

Bruise
X

An injury to underlying tissues or bone in which the skin is unbroken, producing a hematoma or diffuse extravasation of blood; contusion.
X

Mucosidad

Mucus
X

The clear viscid secretion of the mucous membranes, consisting of mucin, epithelial cells, leukocytes, and various inorganic salts dissolved in water.
X

Ronquera

Hoarseness
X

A noisy quality of the voice.
X

Sordera

Deafness
X

General term for inability to hear.
X

Trombosis

Thrombosis
X

The obstruction of a blood vessel by the formation of a blood clot.
X

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